Little “Sprout” Woodhull’s curious clothing

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While I’m working on a longer post concerning the convoluted chronology of TURN’s pilot episode, I thought I’d write a short post concerning a (literally) tiny realm of 18th century material culture seen in the show thus far: babies!

TURNpremiere - sprout1
Abraham Woodhull and his young son in the pilot episode of TURN. Click to view larger image.

Little Thomas Woodhull, whom Abraham fondly calls “Sprout,” steals the spotlight at the beginning and end of the TURN pilot episode. (His very appearance is a bit of a chronological anomaly, but we’ll discuss that later.) Abraham mentions that his son is “almost a year old” as he eggs him on to start walking on his own. Adorable outfit he’s wearing, right? Breeches and a linen shirt, like the little colonial man he is! Except what he should be wearing at that tender age is… a gown.

Yes, a gown, as in “a dress.” Sometimes boys even wore stays, too.

For the first few years of a child’s life in the late 18th century, regardless of gender, he or she would wear a gown, a loose-fitting garment that could be tied, pinned, or buttoned shut. Once they were several years old, boys and girls would then make the transition to outfits that were miniature versions of men’s and women’s adult clothing. For boys, this was often a celebrated childhood milestone. Linda Baumgarten of Colonial Williamsburg writes:

“The time when a little boy went from skirts to pants, which was called, ‘breeching,’ occurred anytime from age three to seven and was symbolic of his first step toward becoming a ‘little man.'”

"Portrait of Two Children" attributed to Joseph Badger (Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 57.100.15). Young boys and girls in paintings like these were often distinguished by the objects and toys they were holding. The child on the left is a boy with a pet squirrel.
“Portrait of Two Children” attributed to Joseph Badger (Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, 57.100.15). Young boys and girls in paintings like these were often distinguished by the objects and toys they were holding. The child on the left, for example, is a boy with his pet squirrel.

So yes, if you were to time-travel back to the era of the American Revolution, you might very well see a young six-year-old boy wearing stays and a gown.  In fact, in 1790, Benjamin Tallmadge’s own son was wearing them at the tender age of three.  For more information, I highly recommend reading Linda Baumgarten’s primer on colonial children’s clothing (the source of the above quote).  And if you weren’t sure what I was talking about when I mentioned ‘stays’ earlier, don’t forget to check out Baumgartner’s very helpful glossary of clothing terms, too. Additionally, you can browse through a slideshow of primary source images concerning children and babies over at the 18th Century Material Culture Resource Center.

TURNpremiere - sprout3So little Thomas “Sprout” Woodhull appears to be quite the little hipster baby — wearing breeches before they were cool. (He’s not even a year old and he’s already turning Setauket into the Brooklyn of the 18th century!)

In this case, I could understand the rationale behind “breeching” little Thomas several years early in TURN.  A little boy wearing a feminine gown would be confusing and strange to the average 21st-century viewer, and distracting enough to detract from the main storyline.  (Don’t believe me? Look at the above painting and take a guess as to how much airtime would be needed to explain that boy’s outfit to a modern-day viewer.)  Still, the fact is that little hipster Sprout’s outfit IS several years ahead of his time, according to the historical record.  I know — not exactly a hugely significant issue in the greater storyline of TURN (and definitely not as big of a sartorial gaffe as, say, the bizarre garb that the Queen’s Rangers are wearing), but I thought readers might enjoy a small and  pleasant domestic diversion while I finish making sense of the premiere episode’s Swiss-cheese timeline.  And don’t worry — we’ll be discussing plenty of military details here on the blog soon enough.

Also, if you haven’t seen the preview for next Sunday’s episode yet, you can view it here. And don’t forget to join the fun over at TURN to a Historian’s Facebook Page and tumblr account.  More on the way soon!



8 thoughts on “Little “Sprout” Woodhull’s curious clothing

    lorainnes said:
    April 8, 2014 at 8:40 pm

    Thanks for pointing this out!! I understand why they didn’t opt for historical accuracy on this one, but boys wearing gowns as children is one of my favorite Colonial oddities and I wished they had included it. This trend lasted way beyond that period, too. I have a family photo of my grandmother and her siblings in the early 20th century, and her youngest brother is in a gown. They were immigrants from the Ukraine.

      spycurious responded:
      April 9, 2014 at 12:11 pm

      I don’t have any little ones of my own, but it seems to me that infant gowns would make life as a busy parent a whole lot easier. They’re both economical and practical, especially for a large middle or working-class family. European history isn’t my area of expertise, but I wonder if there are still areas of Europe where gowns for toddlers (and beyond) are still common today. What a fun anecdote — thanks for sharing!

    Shea said:
    April 9, 2014 at 11:41 am

    Interesting notes.
    P.S. your tumblr account link is wrong. I believe it should be

    Have a good one!

      spycurious responded:
      April 9, 2014 at 12:04 pm

      Many thanks for bringing that to my attention, Shea! Fixed the link. 🙂

    Travis said:
    April 10, 2014 at 1:43 pm

    Perhaps Sprout’s wealthy grandfather has servants churning out breeches for his grandchildren! Though, they must have been pre-made, as by the time they would have been finished, Sprout would have sprouted some more.

    Vexatious Vexillology « TURN to a historian said:
    April 10, 2014 at 7:29 pm

    […] and visually busy spectacle.  Granted, this particular anachronism is a small detail that is (like little Thomas’ baby couture) not hugely integral to the larger storyline of TURN.  But I’m a bit surprised by the […]

    Suzanna Gaddis said:
    April 9, 2015 at 10:32 pm

    Those knickers were adorable, I want the sewing pattern for them – anyone have any ideas where / how I can get one?

    phil said:
    April 12, 2016 at 12:06 pm

    Any thoughts about this kids blank, emotionless stare and the fact that he never makes a sound? Ive noticed that every time the kid is supposed to make a sound it is superimposed when his face is off screen. Cant find his name in the cast credits either… odd.

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